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Record Information
Version1.0
Creation Date2016-09-30 22:27:41 UTC
Update Date2020-06-04 20:03:28 UTC
MCDB ID BMDB0000271
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • BMDB00271
Metabolite Identification
Common NameSarcosine
DescriptionSarcosine, also known as N-methylglycine or megly, belongs to the class of organic compounds known as alpha amino acids. These are amino acids in which the amino group is attached to the carbon atom immediately adjacent to the carboxylate group (alpha carbon). Sarcosine exists as a solid, possibly soluble (in water), and a very strong basic compound (based on its pKa) molecule. Sarcosine exists in all living organisms, ranging from bacteria to humans. Sarcosine is a potentially toxic compound.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
(Methylamino)acetic acidChEBI
(Methylamino)ethanoic acidChEBI
L-SarcosineChEBI
MeGlyChEBI
Methylaminoacetic acidChEBI
N-Methylaminoacetic acidChEBI
N-MethylglycineChEBI
SarChEBI
Sarcosinic acidChEBI
(Methylamino)acetateGenerator
(Methylamino)ethanoateGenerator
MethylaminoacetateGenerator
N-MethylaminoacetateGenerator
SarcosinateGenerator
(Methylamino)-acetateHMDB
(Methylamino)-acetic acidHMDB
MethylglycineHMDB
N-Methyl-glycineHMDB
SarcosinHMDB
Sodium sarcosinateHMDB
Magnesium sarcosylateHMDB
Sarcosinate, sodiumHMDB
Sarcosine hydrochlorideHMDB
Sarcosylate, magnesiumHMDB
N MethylglycineHMDB
Sarcosine monosodium saltHMDB
Chemical FormulaC3H7NO2
Average Molecular Weight89.0932
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight89.047678473
IUPAC Name2-(methylamino)acetic acid
Traditional Namesarcosine
CAS Registry Number107-97-1
SMILES
CNCC(O)=O
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C3H7NO2/c1-4-2-3(5)6/h4H,2H2,1H3,(H,5,6)
InChI KeyFSYKKLYZXJSNPZ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as alpha amino acids. These are amino acids in which the amino group is attached to the carbon atom immediately adjacent to the carboxylate group (alpha carbon).
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganic acids and derivatives
ClassCarboxylic acids and derivatives
Sub ClassAmino acids, peptides, and analogues
Direct ParentAlpha amino acids
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Alpha-amino acid
  • Amino acid
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Secondary aliphatic amine
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Secondary amine
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Organic oxide
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Amine
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting Point208 °CNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water Solubility300 mg/mLNot Available
LogP-2.78HANSCH,C ET AL. (1995)
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
logP-3.1ALOGPS
logP-3.2ChemAxon
logS0.54ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)2.06ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)10.35ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count3ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count2ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area49.33 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count2ChemAxon
Refractivity20.78 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability8.66 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash KeyView
Concentrations
StatusValueReferenceDetails
Detected but not QuantifiedNot Applicable details
Detected but not QuantifiedNot Applicable details
HMDB IDHMDB0000271
DrugBank IDDB12519
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB004048
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID1057
KEGG Compound IDC00213
BioCyc IDSARCOSINE
BiGG ID34275
Wikipedia LinkSarcosine
METLIN ID51
PubChem Compound1088
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID15611
References
Synthesis ReferenceCipens, G.; Slavinska, V.; Sile, D.; Kreile, D.; Strautina, A.; Krikis, A.; Gutmanis, A. Synthesis of sarcosine and its use. Latvijas PSR Zinatnu Akademijas Vestis, Kimijas Serija (1986), (5), 515-24.
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Download (PDF)
General References
  1. Melzer N, Wittenburg D, Hartwig S, Jakubowski S, Kesting U, Willmitzer L, Lisec J, Reinsch N, Repsilber D: Investigating associations between milk metabolite profiles and milk traits of Holstein cows. J Dairy Sci. 2013 Mar;96(3):1521-34. doi: 10.3168/jds.2012-5743. [PubMed:23438684 ]
  2. Mung D, Li L: Applying quantitative metabolomics based on chemical isotope labeling LC-MS for detecting potential milk adulterant in human milk. Anal Chim Acta. 2018 Feb 25;1001:78-85. doi: 10.1016/j.aca.2017.11.019. Epub 2017 Nov 14. [PubMed:29291809 ]