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Record Information
Version1.0
Creation Date2016-09-30 22:20:34 UTC
Update Date2020-06-04 21:43:45 UTC
MCDB ID BMDB0000177
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • BMDB00177
Metabolite Identification
Common NameL-Histidine
DescriptionL-Histidine, also known as H, belongs to the class of organic compounds known as histidine and derivatives. Histidine and derivatives are compounds containing cysteine or a derivative thereof resulting from reaction of cysteine at the amino group or the carboxy group, or from the replacement of any hydrogen of glycine by a heteroatom. L-Histidine exists as a solid, possibly soluble (in water), and a very strong basic compound (based on its pKa) molecule. L-Histidine exists in all living species, ranging from bacteria to humans. L-Histidine participates in a number of enzymatic reactions, within cattle. In particular, beta-Alanine and L-histidine can be biosynthesized from carnosine; which is catalyzed by the enzyme Beta-ala-his dipeptidase. Furthermore, L-Histidine and beta-alanine can be converted into carnosine through the action of the enzyme carnosine synthase 1. Finally, beta-Alanine and L-histidine can be biosynthesized from carnosine through the action of the enzyme Beta-ala-his dipeptidase. In cattle, L-histidine is involved in a couple of metabolic pathways, which include the histidine metabolism pathway and the beta-alanine metabolism pathway. L-Histidine is a potentially toxic compound. L-Histidine has been found to be associated with several diseases known as autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease, perillyl alcohol administration for cancer treatment, pyridoxamine 5-prime-phosphate oxidase deficiency, and epilepsy; also l-histidine has been linked to the inborn metabolic disorders including maple syrup urine disease.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
(S)-4-(2-Amino-2-carboxyethyl)imidazoleChEBI
(S)-alpha-Amino-1H-imidazole-4-propanoic acidChEBI
(S)-alpha-Amino-1H-imidazole-4-propionic acidChEBI
HChEBI
HisChEBI
HISTIDINEChEBI
L-(-)-HistidineChEBI
L-HistidinChEBI
(S)-a-Amino-1H-imidazole-4-propanoateGenerator
(S)-a-Amino-1H-imidazole-4-propanoic acidGenerator
(S)-alpha-Amino-1H-imidazole-4-propanoateGenerator
(S)-Α-amino-1H-imidazole-4-propanoateGenerator
(S)-Α-amino-1H-imidazole-4-propanoic acidGenerator
(S)-a-Amino-1H-imidazole-4-propionateGenerator
(S)-a-Amino-1H-imidazole-4-propionic acidGenerator
(S)-alpha-Amino-1H-imidazole-4-propionateGenerator
(S)-Α-amino-1H-imidazole-4-propionateGenerator
(S)-Α-amino-1H-imidazole-4-propionic acidGenerator
(S)-1H-Imidazole-4-alanineHMDB
(S)-2-Amino-3-(4-imidazolyl)propionsaeureHMDB
(S)-HistidineHMDB
(S)1H-Imidazole-4-alanineHMDB
3-(1H-Imidazol-4-yl)-L-alanineHMDB
Amino-1H-imidazole-4-propanoateHMDB
Amino-1H-imidazole-4-propanoic acidHMDB
Amino-4-imidazoleproprionateHMDB
Amino-4-imidazoleproprionic acidHMDB
Glyoxaline-5-alanineHMDB
Histidine, L isomerHMDB
Histidine, L-isomerHMDB
L-Isomer histidineHMDB
L-HistidineKEGG
Chemical FormulaC6H9N3O2
Average Molecular Weight155.1546
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight155.069476547
IUPAC NameNot Available
Traditional NameNot Available
CAS Registry Number71-00-1
SMILESNot Available
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C6H9N3O2/c7-5(6(10)11)1-4-2-8-3-9-4/h2-3,5H,1,7H2,(H,8,9)(H,10,11)/t5-/m0/s1
InChI KeyHNDVDQJCIGZPNO-YFKPBYRVSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as histidine and derivatives. Histidine and derivatives are compounds containing cysteine or a derivative thereof resulting from reaction of cysteine at the amino group or the carboxy group, or from the replacement of any hydrogen of glycine by a heteroatom.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganic acids and derivatives
ClassCarboxylic acids and derivatives
Sub ClassAmino acids, peptides, and analogues
Direct ParentHistidine and derivatives
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Histidine or derivatives
  • Alpha-amino acid
  • L-alpha-amino acid
  • Imidazolyl carboxylic acid derivative
  • Aralkylamine
  • Azole
  • Imidazole
  • Heteroaromatic compound
  • Amino acid
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Azacycle
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Primary amine
  • Primary aliphatic amine
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organic oxide
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Amine
  • Aromatic heteromonocyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic heteromonocyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting Point287 °CNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water Solubility45.6 mg/mLNot Available
LogP-3.32CHMELIK,J ET AL. (1991)
Predicted PropertiesNot Available
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash KeyView
Concentrations
StatusValueReferenceDetails
Detected but not QuantifiedNot Applicable
  • Kurt J. Boudonck,...
details
Detected but not QuantifiedNot Applicable
  • Kurt J. Boudonck,...
details
Detected and Quantified3 +/- 1 uM details
Detected and Quantified2 +/- 1 uM details
Detected and Quantified4 +/- 1 uM details
Detected and Quantified4 +/- 2 uM details
Detected and Quantified2.0 +/- 0.1 uM details
Detected and Quantified3.1 +/- 0.2 uM details
Detected and Quantified4.2 +/- 0.1 uM details
Detected and Quantified2.8 +/- 0.1 uM details
HMDB IDHMDB0000177
DrugBank IDDB00117
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB011856
KNApSAcK IDC00001363
Chemspider ID6038
KEGG Compound IDC00135
BioCyc IDHIS
BiGG ID33985
Wikipedia LinkL-histidine
METLIN ID21
PubChem Compound6274
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID15971
References
Synthesis ReferenceAurelio Luigi; Brownlee Robert T C; Hughes Andrew B A novel synthesis of N-methyl asparagine, arginine, histidine, and tryptophan. Organic letters (2002), 4(21), 3767-9.
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Download (PDF)
General References
  1. Mung D, Li L: Development of Chemical Isotope Labeling LC-MS for Milk Metabolomics: Comprehensive and Quantitative Profiling of the Amine/Phenol Submetabolome. Anal Chem. 2017 Apr 18;89(8):4435-4443. doi: 10.1021/acs.analchem.6b03737. Epub 2017 Mar 28. [PubMed:28306241 ]
  2. Mung D, Li L: Applying quantitative metabolomics based on chemical isotope labeling LC-MS for detecting potential milk adulterant in human milk. Anal Chim Acta. 2018 Feb 25;1001:78-85. doi: 10.1016/j.aca.2017.11.019. Epub 2017 Nov 14. [PubMed:29291809 ]
  3. Kurt J. Boudonck, Matthew W. Mitchell, Jacob Wulff and John A. Ryals (2009). Kurt J. Boudonck, Matthew W. Mitchell, Jacob Wulff and John A. Ryals. Characterization of the biochemical variability of bovine milk using metabolomics. Metabolomics (2009) 5:375?386. Metabolomics.
  4. A. Foroutan et al. (2019). A. Foroutan et al. The Chemical Composition of Commercial Cow's Milk (in preparation). Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry.
  5. Fooddata+, The Technical University of Denmark (DTU) [Link]