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Record Information
Version1.0
Creation Date2016-09-30 22:19:40 UTC
Update Date2020-05-21 16:27:01 UTC
MCDB ID BMDB0000107
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • BMDB00107
Metabolite Identification
Common NameGalactitol
DescriptionGalactitol, also known as dulcitol or melampyrit, belongs to the class of organic compounds known as sugar alcohols. These are hydrogenated forms of carbohydrate in which the carbonyl group (aldehyde or ketone, reducing sugar) has been reduced to a primary or secondary hydroxyl group. Galactitol exists as a solid, possibly soluble (in water), and an extremely weak basic (essentially neutral) compound (based on its pKa) molecule. Galactitol exists in all living organisms, ranging from bacteria to humans. Galactitol can be biosynthesized from D-galactose; which is mediated by the enzyme aldose reductase. In cattle, galactitol is involved in the metabolic pathway called the galactose metabolism pathway. Galactitol is a potentially toxic compound.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
(2R,3S,4R,5S)-Hexane-1,2,3,4,5,6-hexolChEBI
D-DulcitolChEBI
D-GalactitolChEBI
DulcitolChEBI
DulcoseChEBI
EuonymitChEBI
L-GalactitolChEBI
MelampyrinChEBI
MelampyritChEBI
Ambap5938HMDB
DulciteHMDB
HexitolHMDB
MelampyriteHMDB
MelampyrumHMDB
meso-GalactitolHMDB
Chemical FormulaC6H14O6
Average Molecular Weight182.1718
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight182.07903818
IUPAC NameNot Available
Traditional NameNot Available
CAS Registry Number608-66-2
SMILESNot Available
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C6H14O6/c7-1-3(9)5(11)6(12)4(10)2-8/h3-12H,1-2H2/t3-,4+,5+,6-
InChI KeyFBPFZTCFMRRESA-GUCUJZIJSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as sugar alcohols. These are hydrogenated forms of carbohydrate in which the carbonyl group (aldehyde or ketone, reducing sugar) has been reduced to a primary or secondary hydroxyl group.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganic oxygen compounds
ClassOrganooxygen compounds
Sub ClassCarbohydrates and carbohydrate conjugates
Direct ParentSugar alcohols
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Sugar alcohol
  • Monosaccharide
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Polyol
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Primary alcohol
  • Alcohol
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting Point189.5 °CNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water Solubility31 mg/mL at 15 °CYALKOWSKY,SH & DANNENFELSER,RM (1992)
LogP-3.1HANSCH,C ET AL. (1995)
Predicted PropertiesNot Available
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash KeyView
Concentrations
StatusValueReferenceDetails
Detected but not QuantifiedNot Applicable details
HMDB IDHMDB0000107
DrugBank IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB006453
KNApSAcK IDC00001160
Chemspider ID11357
KEGG Compound IDC01697
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG ID38183
Wikipedia LinkGalactitol
METLIN ID5148
PubChem Compound11850
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID16813
References
Synthesis ReferenceMuniruzzaman, Syed; Itoh, Hiromichi; Yoshino, Akira; Katayama, Takeshi; Izumori, Ken. Biotransformation of lactose to galactitol. Journal of Fermentation and Bioengineering (1994), 77(1), 32-5.
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General References
  1. Melzer N, Wittenburg D, Hartwig S, Jakubowski S, Kesting U, Willmitzer L, Lisec J, Reinsch N, Repsilber D: Investigating associations between milk metabolite profiles and milk traits of Holstein cows. J Dairy Sci. 2013 Mar;96(3):1521-34. doi: 10.3168/jds.2012-5743. [PubMed:23438684 ]