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Record Information
Version1.0
Creation Date2016-09-30 22:19:01 UTC
Update Date2020-06-04 23:01:42 UTC
MCDB ID BMDB0000053
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • BMDB00053
Metabolite Identification
Common NameAndrostenedione
DescriptionAndrostenedione, also known as fecundin, belongs to the class of organic compounds known as androgens and derivatives. These are 3-hydroxylated C19 steroid hormones. They are known to favor the development of masculine characteristics. They also show profound effects on scalp and body hair in humans. Thus, androstenedione is considered to be a steroid lipid molecule. Androstenedione exists as a solid, very hydrophobic, practically insoluble (in water), and relatively neutral molecule. Androstenedione exists in all living organisms, ranging from bacteria to humans. Androstenedione participates in a number of enzymatic reactions, within cattle. In particular, Androstenedione can be converted into androstanedione through its interaction with the enzyme 3-oxo-5-alpha-steroid 4-dehydrogenase 1. In addition, Androstenedione can be converted into 19-hydroxyandrost-4-ene-3,17-dione through the action of the enzyme cytochrome P450 19A1. In cattle, androstenedione is involved in the metabolic pathway called the androstenedione metabolism pathway. Androstenedione is a potentially toxic compound.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
4-Androstene-3,17-dioneChEBI
4-ANDROSTENE-3-17-dioneChEBI
delta(4)-Androsten-3,17-dioneChEBI
delta(4)-Androstene-3,17-dioneChEBI
Δ(4)-Androsten-3,17-dioneGenerator
Δ(4)-Androstene-3,17-dioneGenerator
(4)-Androsten-3,17-dioneHMDB
17-KetotestosteroneHMDB
3,17-Dioxoandrost-4-eneHMDB
4-Androsten-3,17-dioneHMDB
4-AndrostenedioneHMDB
Androst-4-ene-3,17-dioneHMDB, KEGG
AndrostendioneHMDB
D4-Androstene-3,17-dioneHMDB
delta4-AndrostenedioneHMDB
FecundinHMDB
delta 4 AndrostenedioneMeSH, HMDB
delta-4-AndrostenedioneMeSH, HMDB
4 Androstene 3,17 dioneMeSH, HMDB
AndrostenedioneHMDB
delta4-Androstene-3,17-dioneHMDB
Δ4-Androstene-3,17-dioneHMDB
Chemical FormulaC19H26O2
Average Molecular Weight286.4085
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight286.193280076
IUPAC Name(1S,2R,10R,11S,15S)-2,15-dimethyltetracyclo[8.7.0.0^{2,7}.0^{11,15}]heptadec-6-ene-5,14-dione
Traditional Name(1S,2R,10R,11S,15S)-2,15-dimethyltetracyclo[8.7.0.0^{2,7}.0^{11,15}]heptadec-6-ene-5,14-dione
CAS Registry Number63-05-8
SMILES
[H][C@@]12CCC(=O)[C@@]1(C)CC[C@@]1([H])[C@@]2([H])CCC2=CC(=O)CC[C@]12C
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C19H26O2/c1-18-9-7-13(20)11-12(18)3-4-14-15-5-6-17(21)19(15,2)10-8-16(14)18/h11,14-16H,3-10H2,1-2H3/t14-,15-,16-,18-,19-/m0/s1
InChI KeyAEMFNILZOJDQLW-QAGGRKNESA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as androgens and derivatives. These are 3-hydroxylated C19 steroid hormones. They are known to favor the development of masculine characteristics. They also show profound effects on scalp and body hair in humans.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassSteroids and steroid derivatives
Sub ClassAndrostane steroids
Direct ParentAndrogens and derivatives
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Androgen-skeleton
  • Oxosteroid
  • 17-oxosteroid
  • 3-oxosteroid
  • 3-oxo-delta-4-steroid
  • Delta-4-steroid
  • Cyclohexenone
  • Cyclic ketone
  • Ketone
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organic oxide
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Aliphatic homopolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic homopolycyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting Point170 - 173 °CNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water Solubility0.058 mg/mLNot Available
LogP2.75HANSCH,C ET AL. (1995)
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
logP2.93ALOGPS
logP3.93ChemAxon
logS-4ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)19.03ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-4.8ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count2ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count0ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area34.14 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count0ChemAxon
Refractivity83.61 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability33.21 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings4ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash KeyView
Concentrations
StatusValueReferenceDetails
Detected and Quantified0.002 +/- 0.0004 uM details
Detected and Quantified0.001 +/- 0.0003 uM details
Detected and Quantified0.003 +/- 0.001 uM details
Detected and Quantified0.00147 uM details
Detected and Quantified0.00101 uM details
Detected and Quantified0.00306 uM details
HMDB IDHMDB0000053
DrugBank IDDB01536
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB030678
KNApSAcK IDC00003644
Chemspider ID5898
KEGG Compound IDC00280
BioCyc IDANDROST4ENE
BiGG ID2210012
Wikipedia LinkAndrostenedione
METLIN ID2795
PubChem Compound6128
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID16422
References
Synthesis ReferenceEgorova, Olga V.; Gulevskaya, Seraphima A.; Puntus, Irina F.; Filonov, Andrey E.; Donova, Marina V. Production of androstenedione using mutants of Mycobacterium sp. Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology (2002), 77(2), 141-147.
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General References
  1. Courant F, Antignac JP, Maume D, Monteau F, Andre F, Le Bizec B: Determination of naturally occurring oestrogens and androgens in retail samples of milk and eggs. Food Addit Contam. 2007 Dec;24(12):1358-66. doi: 10.1080/02652030701329637. [PubMed:17852390 ]
  2. Courant F, Antignac JP, Laille J, Monteau F, Andre F, Le Bizec B: Exposure assessment of prepubertal children to steroid endocrine disruptors. 2. Determination of steroid hormones in milk, egg, and meat samples. J Agric Food Chem. 2008 May 14;56(9):3176-84. doi: 10.1021/jf800096f. Epub 2008 Apr 16. [PubMed:18412364 ]